• Kenneth Nwoko (Ph.D Candidate) Department of Political Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, P.M.B. 5047, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • Kenneth Nweke, Ph.D Department of Political Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, P.M.B. 5047, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria


Adjudication, Credibility, Judiciary, Judgment


The background to the study acknowledged the indispensability of credible election outcomes in a democratic government. fundamentally, this study set out to investigate the elusiveness of the realisation of credible adjudication of post-election petitions in Nigeria’s fourth republic, as well as the reasons for the inability of the Judiciary to live up to expectation in this regard. Hence, the study critically examined the extent to which judicial integrity has been instrumental in the achievement of credible resolution of post-election litigations in Nigeria’s fourth republic. The study invariably linked the unavoidable essence of judicial integrity to the realisation of the above objective. The study relied on secondary sources for data collection and used content analysis for data presentation, interpretation and analysis. The Institutional Integrity Theory on which this study was anchored, demonstrated the relevance of integrity as a cardinal virtue that promotes competence, effectiveness and excellence in public institutions like the Judiciary. This study, through several kinds of literature reviewed, revealed that poor integrity syndrome in the Nigerian Judiciary which has over time frustrated the actualisation of credible resolution of post-election litigations in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic is responsible for public perception of the Judiciary as a corrupt institution. The study also discovered that some factors bordering on weak judicial autonomy, political interference, etc. are responsible for the decadent level of integrity in the Nigerian judicial system. The study, therefore, recommended among other things, a deliberate but determined attempt at sanitizing the judicial system, with a view to solving head-long, and the problem of integrity crisis in the Nigeria Judiciary


Adegbami, A. & Adepoju, B.M. (2017). Good Governance in Nigeria: A Catalyst to National Peace, Stability and Development. African Research Review, 11 (4): 144-155.

Agbaje, A. & Adejumobi, S. (2006). Do votes count? The travail of electoral politics in Nigeria. Africa Development, 31 (3): 25-44.

Ajayi, K. (2006). The security forces, electoral conducts and the 2003 general elections. Journal of social sciences, 13(1): 57-66.

Asogwa, A. (2019). Nigeria’s Electoral System: virtues and pitfalls. Liberty Press.

Azeez, T. (2013). Global Perspectives on Electioneering Ethics and Principles: A lesson for Nigeria. DayStar Publishing co.

Brown, A.J. & Head, B. (2005). Assessing Integrity System: introduction to the symposium. Australian journal of public administration, 64(2): 42-47.

Campbell, J. (2019, September, 12). Tribunal Upholds 2019 Nigerian Election while NGO Report Condemns Electoral Body. Council on Foreign Relations.

Collier, J. & Esteben, R. (2000). Systemic Leadership: ethical and effective. The leadership and organisation development journal, 21(4): 207-215.

Elster, J. (2000). Rational Choice History: a case of excessive ambition. American Political Science Review, 94(3): 685-695.

Enweremadu, D. U. (2011). Judicial Reform and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria: 1999-2009. Journal of African Elections, 10 (1): 5-19.

Esposito, G. (2019, August, 22). Judicial Integrity and Judicial Independence: Two Sides of the Same Coin. Springer Link.

Gazibo, M. (2006). The Forging of Institutional Autonomy: A Comparative Study of Electoral Management Commissions in Africa. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 39 (3): 611-633.

Maduekwe, V.C; Ojukwu, U.G; Agbata, I.F. (2016). Judiciary and the Theory of Separation of Powers in Achieving Sustainable Democracy in Nigeria (The Fourth Republic). British Journal of Education, 4(8): 84-104.

Nwabueze, B. (2007). The Judiciary as the Third Estate in the Realm. Gold Press ltd.

Ogbuagu, C. (2016). The Judiciary and The Credibility of Elections in Nigeria: A review of 1999-2015 general elections. Minty Press ltd.

Ojeifo, S. (2004, December, 26). Nigeria: Buhari’s Presidential Election Petition and the Politics of Obasanjo’s Victory. Vanguard news. Retrieved online, 20/3/2021 at

Ojo, J. (2011). “Nigeria after the 2011 General Elections”. Retrieved online , 21/3/2021 at

Ojoye, T. (2018, May, 31). Politicization of Judicial appointments, dodgy. Punch online news.

Okakwu, E. (2019, July, 5). Supreme Court affirms Gboyega Oyetola’s election as Osun Governor. Premium Times.

Olurode, L. & Anifowose, R. (2004). Issues in Nigeria’s 1999 General Elections. John West & Rebonik Publications.

Omenma, J.T. (2015). Judiciary, Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria, 2015. Phd Thesis. University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Omenma, J.T.; Ibeanu, O.O. and Onyishi, I.E. (2017). Disputed Elections and the Role of theCourt in Emerging Democracies in Africa: the Nigerian Example. Journal of Politics and Democratization. 2 (1): 28-55.

Omotola, J.S. (2010). Elections and democratic transition in Nigeria under the Fourth Republic. International Journal of African Affairs, 109 (437): 535-553.

Onochie, B; Jimoh, M; Daka, T; Omolaoye, S; Ogbuaja, C; Sobechi, L; Olumide, S & Ojo, O. (2020, March, 4). How Ihedioha’s Appeal split Supreme Court. The guardian online news. m.

Polgreen, L. (2007, April, 23). Nigeria Opposition Rejects Election Results. The New York Times. Retrieved online, 20/3/2021 at

Political Science Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved online, 18 August, 2009.

Pope, J. (2000). Confronting corruption: elements of national integrity system. T.I. source book, 2000. Berlin& London.

Spigelman, J.J. (2004). The Integrity branch of Government. Australian Law Journal, 78 (11): 726-734.

The 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (As amended).

The BBC pigin English Interview with Gov. Nyesom Wike (19th March, 2021).

Udenwa, O. (2020). Repositioning the Nigerian Judiciary: Challenges and Prospects. Dicway Publishers.




How to Cite

Kenneth Nwoko (Ph.D Candidate), & Kenneth Nweke, Ph.D. (2021). POST-ELECTION LITIGATIONS AND JUDICIAL INTEGRITY IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC. European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements, 2(12), 161-171. Retrieved from