European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements <p><strong>European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements (EJHEA)</strong> is a Multidisciplinary Peer Reviewed Open Access Journal which covers the various areas of Humanities, Social Sciences and Educational Research. This journal is monthly published online monthly. </p> <p><strong>ISSN (E): </strong>2660-5589</p> <p><strong>Journal Impact Factor:</strong> 7.223</p> Scholarzest en-US European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements 2660-5589 EXPLORING TEACHING OF SCIENCE IN THE NEW NORMAL: A GROUNDED THEORY <p>This study explored the emerging categories in terms of delivering quality education of Science subject in the new normal setup leading to formulation of a theory based on the findings. It employed grounded theory research. In treating the data, Collazi’s method was utilized to determine emerging themes. These identified themes were further analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, paving the way for the superordinate (SOT) and subordinate (ST) themes, coded and interpreted the responses of 11 participants at Cabanatuan City Schools Division. Individual interview was utilized as the principal mode of data collection.</p> <p>With the above process, four key themes were culled which were labeled as superordinate themes. These were: focused learning competencies, relevant instructional materials, integration of multimedia and technology and learning competency-based assessment. The superordinate themes were further analyzed and assigned with subordinate themes as follows: for the focused learning competencies, the subordinate themes were compressed competencies through MELC; reduction of learning competencies; significance of learning competencies to learners’ needs and context. For relevant instructional materials, the subordinate themes were adapting the self-learning modules; adherence and utilization of SLM from the National Office, Regional Office and Division office of Department of Education, and contextualization of SLM. As per integration of multimedia and technology, the subordinate themes were choosing appropriate multi-media and technology, and utilization of common social media platforms. As per learning competency-based assessment, the subordinate themes were alignment of assessment strategy to learning competencies and performance and output-based assessment.</p> <p>Integrative Learning Pedagogy Theory in Teaching Science was crafted highlighting the superordinate and subordinate themes as its core principles. Hence, these key concepts were taken as conglomeration and encompassing theory pertinent to teaching learning process.</p> Analiza B. Tanghal Sonny P. De Leon, PhD Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 3 6 1 8 SURROGACY AND DISDAIN FOR MARRIAGE AMONG EDUCATIONAL-EMPOWERED WOMEN OF PORT HARCOURT, RIVERS STATE <p>Surrogacy is a process where a third party (woman) of childbearing age carries a pregnancy for a commissioning parent with the intention of relinquishing the baby after birth. The effect of this new style of life is mostly common among the educated-empowered women of Port Harcourt due to the forces of globalization, which have a negative impact on traditional African society. It has become a major source of concern among the inhabitants of Port Harcourt because it negates the social norms and values of the people. It is against this backdrop that this paper was undertaken to examine the growth of surrogacy and the increasing disdain for marriage among educationally empowered women of Port Harcourt. The paper adopted the Feminist theory. The population consisted of gynaecologists and educationally empowered women in Port Harcourt. 100 women and 6 gynaecologists were selected through a purposive sampling technique. The study revealed that couples adopt surrogacy when they lack the capacity to bear children. This could be due to the inability of the woman to conceive after many attempts by the couple. The finding also revealed that some couples adopted the surrogates’ mother to give birth to children for the woman to maintain her shape, which the gynaecologists describe as "vanity surrogacy". Again, the study found no link between growing surrogacy and increasing disdain for marriage among educationally empowered women in Port Harcourt City, Rivers State. The study found that efforts are required to raise knowledge and comprehension of surrogacy, as this is vital not only at the level of educating infertile couples but also at the population level</p> Chukwuemeka Orlu. PhD Green-Wike, Endurance Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 3 6 9 17 DEVELOPMENT OF SHORT STORY GENRE IN AMERICAN LITERATURE <p>The author of this thesis reviews the genre of short story. The thesis covers a wide determination of the term and gives an explanation about the evolution of the genre. Short story genre is considered to be one of the oldest forms of literature. The short story started verbally -- people meet and begin telling stories to each other. In the course of time along with the development and advancement of the world, modern short story developed and assumed a form which is different from the old tale. “Once upon a time” is a phrase, which we heard in the beginning of stories, this phrase was the initial part of stories and it let readers or listeners know that a story is coming. Now the form of short stories is different, it unfolds through the oral tradition, because of some innovations and the development of humanity.</p> Mirmuhsin Yuldashev Munavvarjon o’gli Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 3 6 18 19 IMPROVING TEACHING METHODS AND DEVELOPING INDEPENDENT LEARNING IN A CREDIT-MODULAR SYSTEM <p>This article consecrates the transition to the credit-modular system of higher education in Uzbekistan, the essence of the credit-modular system, the possibilities and its features, the development of students by increasing independence in the process of obtaining education, the role of teachers in organizing the educational process, the relevance of introducing the concept of credit into school education. -modular system</p> Ph.D. Abduazizova Veronika Usmanova Zokhida Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 3 6 20 21 CULTURE OF THE PEOPLES OF RUSSIA FOR CHILDREN <p>Russia is a single multinational state. How did our Motherland become a great multinational power? Since ancient times, the Eastern Slavs coexisted with the Varangians, Estonians, Finns and other tribes. This article discusses the culture of the peoples of Russia for children.</p> Babaeva Adolat Khamrakulovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-08 2022-06-08 3 6 22 23 THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN THE FORMATION OF LEGAL CULTURE <p>This article describes the role of the mass media in studying the essence of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, its wide promotion and, in general, the formation of a constitutional and legal culture. The ongoing reforms to improve legal literacy in the media are also analyzed.</p> Ikramov Ravshan Aktamovich Kandov Bahodir Mirzayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 6 24 26 THE ROLE OF IDEOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE PREVENTION OF SPIRITUAL THREATS <p>This article analyzes the level of gradual development of the dynamics of changes in our spiritual life in the modern world, where globalization and various threats in the field of education are growing, the implementation of its general patterns and the need to pay special attention to specific national characteristics. It is also noted that the essence of globalization, the identification of spiritual threats in the process and their scientific and theoretical analysis is one of the urgent tasks in finding a solution to the problem.</p> Muzaffarov Umidjon Ismoil ogli Kandov Bahodir Mirzayevich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 6 27 30 A GLANCE IN ABDULLA ORIPOV’S POEMS <p>This article analyzes Abdulla Aripov's poems. In addition, poetic images in the poet’s poems are also analyzed. Special attention is paid to the image of the Motherland in the poet's work. The article uses sociological and comparative analysis methods.</p> Yusupov Samandar Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 6 31 32 SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP OF THE HEAD OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION UNIT IN IMPLEMENTING LEARNING DURING THE PANDEMIC <p>This research aims to reveal the situational leadership of the head of the non-formal education in the face of a pandemic. This research is a case study qualitative research. The research informants were 5 heads of education units from both the Learning Activity Center and the Community Learning Activity Center and in addition tutors as learning implementers. Data were collected through interview and observation techniques which were then analyzed descriptively on qualitatively. The results showed that about four indicators of situational leadership which were the focus of the research, it was shown that the leadership of the head of the non-formal education unit in carrying out situational leadership showed that in the directing aspect, the head of the Nonformal Education unit has not been able to clearly show the tasks that must be carried out by the tutors other than only providing individual schedules and teaching materials. In a structured manner, the head of the Nonformal Education unit leaves completely to the perceptions of each tutor. Likewise, in the selling aspect, all Nonformal Education unit heads have not prepared structured instructions even though they have provided support to tutors in learning during the pandemic. In the participating and delegating aspects, the head of the Nonformal Education unit has been able to carry out very well, where interactions are established with tutors in determining the right learning practice decisions during a pandemic. The head of the Nonformal Education unit confidently assigns full duties and responsibilities to the tutor in carrying out the learning based on the abilities and strategies chosen by the tutor</p> Kartini Marzuki Muhammad Asri2 Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 6 33 39 ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND WOMEN VULNERABILITY IN RIVERS STATE: THE WAY FOWARD <p>In recent times, most of the health challenges bedevilling the inhabitants of Rivers State and other crude oil-producing states have been attributed to the increasing rate of environmental pollution. This paper, therefore, focuses its attention on the impact of environmental pollution on women in Rivers State. To provide a theoretical foundation for the study, the study adopted the Ecofeminism theory to explain the untapped role of women in an attempt to eradicate environmental pollution and degradation. Three local government areas: Gokana, Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni, and Emohua from the three senatorial districts in Rivers State were purposefully selected and 300 respondents were accidentally selected for the study. The study adopted the simple per cent through the aid of a Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 25 to analyse the demographic data, and the three research questions stated for the study. The study concludes that environmental pollution affects socio-economic activities of people, such as fishing and farming. The study, therefore, concludes that since women are the closest gender to the environment, the impact of environmental pollution is felt more by women than men. The study, therefore, recommended, among other things, that the women should be included in the share of royalties accrued from multinational companies to enable them to engage in secondary sources of livelihood.</p> Ndu-Ogbuji, Chisa Judith, PhD Kenigua Ruth Mbelegberi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-10 2022-06-10 3 6 40 47 LINGUISTICAL SCIENCE AS A NEW DIRECTION <p>In the article, the emergence science of linguistics as a separate field, its relation to the science of linguocultural studies, history of development of the industry, current state of Uzbek linguistics, the essence and methodology of the content. Differences between linguocultural and science of linguistics</p> Narzullayeva Hurmatoy Shavkat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 3 6 48 49 TERMS-ONE OF LITERARY GENREES <p>This article is written about terms and literary genres. The team is called by its name. Usually, before reciting a story, the national anthem is performed in order to attract the attention of the people, to arouse a certain mood in them, so that the narrator himself can get on the road, get excited, concentrate and so on. The terms are varied in terms of subject matter. But many of them are didactic in nature, calling people to courage, patriotism, humanity, humanism, love, devotion and fidelity.</p> Ro‘Ziqul Mustafokulov Boynazarovich Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 3 6 50 55 SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY AND SPIRITUAL HERITAGE OF IMAM GHAZALI <p>Ways to use Islamic ideas and hadiths in the spiritual and moral education of the younger generation in his scientific work. Instructions are given. The hadiths and teachings narrated by him contain instructive ideas about the criteria of spiritual and moral perfection. In the current process of globalization, the use of Imam al-Ghazali's scientific heritage in improving the spiritual and moral education of the younger generation has been scientifically substantiated.</p> Ochilov Yakub Saydulloyevich Xolova Mohigul Shavkatovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 3 6 56 59 QUALITY OF EDUCATIONAL WORK OF PEDAGOGICAL COOPERATION <p>The article deals with the problems of spiritual education of the younger generation, the qualitative measurement of the educational values of students, the quantitative assessment of the level of cooperation in educational work and the use of qualitative methods for measuring education. In general, proposals and recommendations have been developed for assessing and analyzing the level of pedagogical interaction between the family, the community and the educational institution in the formation of the spiritual and moral character of students.</p> Abdullayeva Gulchekxra Abdullajonovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 3 6 60 64 SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THE MANIFESTATION OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS <p>This article provides an empirical analysis of the socio-psychological basis of the manifestation of aggressive behavior in adolescents, both theoretically and practically, and provides conclusions and recommendations.</p> Usmonov Sherzod Axmadjonovich Khakimova Ugilkhon Nasimhon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 3 6 65 67 CONTENT ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (DRR) WITH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS) IN INDONESIA BASED ON THE READY STAGES OF THE DRR INTEGRATION PROCESS <p>This research is based on raising awareness, assessing, and finally creating a new need, to integrate DRR with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a new disaster risk reduction called the Sendai Framework for Disaster Reduction (SFFDR). The integration scheme above provides a big picture of the positive impact and significance of the integration between DRR and the SDGs. Not only reducing the impact of the infrastructure of a disaster area but also reducing the risk of human resilience affected by the disaster. The mixed-method used in this research will be analyzed by making categorization and clustering contextually through the NVIVO application. Five stages of classification of stakeholder readiness in integrating DRR with SDGs namely Knowledge, Understanding, Mastery, Advocacy, and Implementation. The integration of DRR with the SDGs can ensure the realization of a community living system that is resilient and adaptive in dealing with disasters, thereby minimizing the negative impact of disasters on the achievement of the SDGs.</p> Tatok Djoko Sudiarto, Bimantoro Kushari Pramono Pikri Alamsyah Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-17 2022-06-17 3 6 68 75 DEVELOP SOCIAL ACTIVISM SKILLS IN HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS <p>This article examines the role of motivation and motivation in the formation of social activity skills in students and the importance of their application in practice.</p> Bakiyeva Mukhabbat Kamaldinovna Gaynazarova Gulbahor Abdullayevna. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-20 2022-06-20 3 6 76 78 WAYS OF FORMATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE TEACHERS. <p>The ways of forming technological competence in future teachers include the Accepted: 8 development of technologies and their use in the educational process.</p> Gaynazarova Gulbahor Abdullayevna. Bakiyeva Mukhabbat Kamaldinovna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-20 2022-06-20 3 6 79 80 PEDAGOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF USING THE HERITAGE OF ASIAN THINKERS IN THE FORMATION OF ECOLOGICAL THINKING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL SCIENCE CLASSES <p>This article is written about pedagogical and psychological factors of using the heritage of asian thinkers in the formation of ecological thinking in primary school science classes.</p> Sumbula IBROHIMOVA Rayhona NORQOBILOVA Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-20 2022-06-20 3 6 81 83 THE IMPORTANCE OF PEOPLE'S ORAL CREATIVITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEECH BY PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS <p>This article covers issues such as information about folklore, genres of folklore, examples of folklore, the role of folklore in children's lives.</p> Sevara XOLIYEVA Rayhona NORQOBILOVA Muhlisa MAMATMUROTOVA Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-20 2022-06-20 3 6 84 87 STUDENTS' PERFORMANCE IN FACTORING QUADRATIC TRINOMIALS THROUGH THE X–BOX METHOD <p>This study aims to increase the performance of the grade 8 learners in factoring quadratic trinomials using the X-Box method. The participants were the 90 grade 8 learners of Claver National High School categorized into two groups: the control and experimental groups. The study's control group was provided with the school's existing self-learning module, while the researchers-made modules that discussed factoring quadratic trinomials through the X-Box method were distributed to the experimental group. Results showed an increase in the students' performance in the control and experimental groups after providing the learners with different modules in factoring quadratic trinomial. However, the experimental group showed a higher increase in performance than the control group. Thus, learners with researchers-made modules featuring the XBox method performed better than learners with modules used by the schools for the distance learning modality</p> Mary Jean P. Villanueva Mary Grace P. Tinambacan Charlito O. Lopez Cris S. Saranza Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 88 90 THE IMPORTANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TO USE ACT IN THEIR ACTIVITIES <p>Education in the process information - communication technology use time is a requirement . Of training modern methods and information - communication technology without applying insistent teacher _ own professional activities effective results erisha can not . But that's it of education the goal and content , method and tools and organizational forms right selection important importance has</p> T.Tojiyev I.Aldashev Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 91 93 EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE NATIONAL HOME-GROWN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME OF THE MUHAMMADU BUHARI ADMINISTRATION, 2016-2021 <p>The home-grown school feeding programme was born out of the desire to reduce the malnutrition index recorded in Nigeria and at the same time help increase the rate of students’ enrollment in school. This study is set against this background and is guided by two research questions and two objectives which includes to identify the challenges militating against the successful implementation of the national home-grown school feeding programe in Nigeria and to proffer strategies which can improve the national home-grown school feeding programme and other policy initiatives in Nigeria. The study adopted systems theory as it's framework of analysis and made use of secondary and primary data drawn mainly from journals, textbooks and other online materials. Survey research design and purposive sampling technique were adopted respectively in the study. The study administered 300 copies of research questionnaires to the three sampled Community Primary Schools across Nigeria out of which, 286 copies of questionnaires were retrieved and used for the analysis. Data were presented in tabular format and analyzed using simple percentage method. Study findings, amongst others proves that poor programme coverage, inadequate funding and high cost of food items are challenges facing the programme. Consequently, the study recommends, amongst others, that proper planning/management of the food vendors, improved standard and quality of food and coordinated food supply for each state can help the programme succeed.</p> Asiegbu, Victor Iheanyichukwu Kenneth Nwoko Briggs, Alasin Captain Nwankwo, Sabastine Jnr Offor Onyinye Gift Enyindah, Hope Amerukini Bala, Iranyang Shamaki Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 94 102 EARLY STATEHOOD OF THE KARAKALPAKS <p>This article discusses one of the topical issues of history, namely the process of early statehood of the Karakalpaks.</p> Qanatova Asel Quat qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 103 104 DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING <p>This article discusses ways to develop critical thinking skills in school students. There are a number of ideas for the development of critical thinking, which has just entered our country.</p> Nazirova Hilolaxon Mirzayoqubjon qizi Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 105 106 MODERN APPROACHES TO TEACHING THE NATIVE LANGUAGE <p>This article provides information about modern approaches to teaching the native language.</p> Rakhmonova Barnokhon Adilzhanovna. Copyright (c) 2022 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 3 6 107 108