THE USE OF TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP APPROACH ON IMPROVING EFL LEARNERS’ LISTENING COMPREHENSION
Keywords:Listening, Listening Comprehension, Process, Approach
This article deals with explanation of the notion listening comprehension of English language learners. Listening is one of important skill in English. Many of learners feel difficult to learn listening especially in English. The definition of the term “listening comprehension” by different scholars were identified. The usage of the empirically examining the effectiveness of top-down and bottom-up processing is described. The differences between these techniques were analyzed. Using a multimedia as a teaching media is important in this process. It can catch students attention of the lesson. This research discusses improving listening skill using “top-down” and “bottom-up” techniques integrally.
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