European Scholar Journal <p><strong>European Scholar Journal (ESJ)</strong> is a Multidisciplinary peer-reviewed open access international journal that covers various areas of research. This journal is published online monthly. The double-blind peer-reviewed journal strives to achieve excellence in academic publications. </p> <p><em><strong>European Scholar Journal (ESJ) is edited in Las Palmas by ScholarZest.</strong></em></p> <p><strong>ISSN (E):</strong> 2660-5562 </p> <p><strong>Journal Impact Factor:</strong> 7.235</p> Scholarzest en-US European Scholar Journal 2660-5562 THE ROLE OF INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL IN PROMOTING STRATEGIC BEHAVIOR <p>The research aimed to know the role of intellectual capital in promoting strategic behavior, as well as highlighting the nature of the relationship between the variables of the current research, intellectual capital, which includes dimensions (human capital, structural capital, relational) and strategic behavior represented by dimensions (prospector behavior, behavior The Defender, Analyst Behavior, Respondent Behavior), as the research problem raised multiple questions in order to clarify the research problem and its tainted questions, the most important of which is the role of intellectual capital in enhancing the strategic behavior of the company, the research sample, and the Maysan Oil Company was chosen among the group of formations of the Ministry Iraqi oil as a field for the current research, as the research field targeted the administrative leaders in the researched company, who numbered (425) and the research sample included (278) of the company leaders, as mathematical and statistical methods and tools were adopted such as percentage, arithmetic mean and frequencies, The research concluded that the research sample company focused on its resource of intellectual capital and benefiting from it and investing it in promoting strategic behavior and using it as a point of strength to confront environmental and economic changes in the Iraqi and global oil sector, as well as a set of recommendations that were reached, the most important of which is the optimal use of capital Intellectual organization and transforming the organization's weaknesses into strengths.</p> Assistant Lect. Mohammed Hammadi Jaber AL-bakhati Assistant Lect. Mohammed Ali Hussein Al-Saedi Assistant Lect. Osama Hawi Aziz Al-Tai Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 4 11 1 11 THE EFFECT OF ADDING LEVELS OF THE ORGANIC ACID TAURINE ON IMPROVING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF DILUTED AND FROZEN SEMEN OF ARABI RAMS <p>This study was conducted in the animal field of the College of Agriculture / University of Basra / Karma Ali site for the period from 1/10/2022 and for the forest of 31/1/2023. The study included raising (5) rams of adult godfathers with ages ranging from 2.5-3 years and close weights, and fed animals on a concentrated diet at a rate of 2 kg per animal with two meals in the morning and evening (1 kg in the morning and 1 kg in the evening), and trained rams on the process of collecting semen for two weeks using the artificial vagina of rams After the end of the training period, semen was collected three times a month and the study included adding different levels of organic acid taurine (0, 2 , 4 .6 mmol) to the sperm of rams and a safe with acid (liquid nitrogen at a degree - 196 ÂșC) for a period</p> Noor Riyadh Hussein Falah Abdulmohsen Al-Asadi Emad Falah Hassan Al-Jassim Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-06 2023-11-06 4 11 12 19 EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PLANTING DATES AND POTASSIUM AND PROLINE SPRAYING ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF FABA BEAN (VICIA FABA L.) <p>The field experiment was conducted at the Agricultural Research Station affiliated with the College of Agriculture, University of Basrah, during the winter agricultural season 2022-2023 in soil with a mixed clay-silt texture. The experiment aimed to study the effect of three planting dates (October 1, mid-October and November 1), represented by the symbols D3, D2, and D1, respectively, and spraying with four levels of potassium sulfate (3000, 2000, 1000, and 0 mg L-1) and proline acid (150, 100, 50, and 0 mg L-1), represented by the symbols T3, T2, T1, and T0, respectively. A factorial experiment was conducted using the Complete Randomized Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Some physiological properties, different growth characteristics, yield characteristics, and some qualitative characteristics were studied. The results showed that the second planting date was superior in most of the studied traits, recording the highest average for plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, number of seeds per pod, 100-seed weight, and individual plant yield, with values of 99.61 cm, 8.64 branches plant-1, 77.06 leaves plant-1, 4.84 seeds pod-1, 124.74 g, and 75.36 g, respectively. On the other hand, the first planting date recorded the highest average for the number of pods, which amounted to 14.76 pods plant-1. The results also showed that the potassium-proline combination at treatment T3 was superior in all the studied traits, giving the highest average for plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, number of pods, number of seeds per pod, 100-seed weight, and individual plant yield, with values of 107.57 cm, 9.01 branches plant-1, 76.69 leaves plant-1, 14.40 pods plant-1, 5.22 seeds pod-1, 124.39 g, and 94.04 g, respectively. The interaction between the factors affected most of the studied traits, and treatment D2T3 gave the highest average for plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, number of seeds per pod, and 100-seed weight, with values of 120.34 cm, 10.49 branches plant-1 , 87.60 leaves plant-1 , 13.83 pods plant-1 , and 5.69 seeds pod-1 , respectively.</p> Hameed F. J. Al-Fartossi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-10 2023-11-10 4 11 20 26 THE IMPORTANCE OF DESIGNING THE PROCESS OF SPEECH COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT IN STUDENTS <p>In this article, the scientific-theoretical justification of the development of the structural components of students' speech competence in the classes of mother tongue and reading literacy, as well as the scientific views of a number of linguists and Methodist scientists on the acquisition of speech culture are analyzed.</p> Nazarova Kamuna Farkhod kizi Hamroev.G'.X Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 4 11 27 28 ISSUES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIO-INTELLECTUAL COMPETENCE OF ADULT STUDENT-YOUTH IN INCOMPLETE FAMILIES IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS <p>This article delves into the challenges faced by adult student-youth from incomplete families in higher educational institutions. It discusses the unique obstacles related to emotional instability, financial strain, limited support systems, and the absence of positive role models. The article explores strategies for creating a supportive campus environment, expanding holistic student support services, empowering parental involvement, offering skill development workshops, providing scholarship and employment opportunities, and advocating for policy changes to enhance the socio-intellectual competence of these students</p> Musurmonova Shakhlo Ilkhomovna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 4 11 29 31